Student Educational Equity
We hope the resources below help you in educating all students to inspire learning through equity of opportunity and achievement.
Title III Trainings/PD Opportunities
The McKinney-Vento Act requires schools to enroll students experiencing homelessness immediately, even if the student is unable to provide documents that are typically required for enrollment, such as previous academic records, records of immunization and other required health records, proof of residency, or other documentation. 42 U.S.C. §11432(g)(3)(C). Enroll means permitting the student to attend classes and participate fully in school activities. 42 U.S.C. §11434A(1). Although the Act is silent on the definition of “immediate”, the standard dictionary definition is “without delay.” Therefore, the student must begin attending classes and participating fully in school activities without delay. Generally, that would mean the same or the following day.
No. Schools may not require verification or proof of residency as a condition of enrollment. See generally 42 U.S.C. §11432(g)(3)(C). Due to their precarious living situations, it frequently will be impossible for families and youth experiencing homelessness to provide such verification. Further, schools must not contact the landlords of host families or other authorities to discuss living arrangements. Residence information provided by parents or youth to schools is part of the student’s educational records and protected by federal privacy laws. 42 U.S.C. §11432(g)(3)(G). Such contact could also lead to eviction of the host family. However, the Act does not prohibit schools from requiring parents, guardians, or youths to submit emergency contact information. 42 U.S.C. §11432(g)(3)(H); 20 U.S.C. §1232g.
The McKinney-Vento Act requires immediate enrollment, even if students are unable to produce immunization or other required health records, recognizing that families and youth who are homeless are frequently unable to obtain and keep copies of records. 42 U.S.C. §11432(g)(3)(C). The vast majority of homeless students have been enrolled in school before and have had required immunizations. These records should be a part of their school records. Since the enrolling school is required to contact the previous school for records, the information should be available quickly. 42 U.S.C. §§11432(g)(3)(C), (D). The enrolling school and the McKinney-Vento liaison should work together to get immunization records as soon as possible. If a student has not had immunizations, initial doses should be administered as soon as possible, unless the student has a philosophical, religious, or medical exemption. It is accepted practice in most states and in the public health community that some children will not be immunized for these reasons. It is recognized among public health practitioners that the fact that most students are immunized prevents serious outbreaks from occurring. See Memorandum from U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Joycelyn Elders, at http://www.naehcy.org/sites/default/files/dl/elders-memo.pdf. Should an outbreak of illness occur, the same procedures used to protect unimmunized children can be used to protect students whose immunization records have not yet been obtained.
Yes. Lack of a legal guardian or guardianship documents cannot delay or prevent the enrollment of an unaccompanied youth. 42 U.S.C. §§11432(g)(3)(C), (g)(1)(H)(iv). States and LEAs have established various procedures for enrolling youth. Many permit the youth to enroll himself or herself; some have the McKinney-Vento liaison handle enrollment; others use caregiver forms to allow adult caregivers, when present, to enroll youth. Whatever procedures are used, they must ensure immediate enrollment, as the McKinney-Vento Act requires states and LEAs to eliminate barriers to identification, enrollment and retention and to enroll unaccompanied youth in school immediately. 42 U.S.C. §§11432(g)(1)(I), (g)(7). LEAs may adopt their own policies to meet these mandates. More information about approaches to enroll unaccompanied youth immediately is available at http://www.serve.org/nche/downloads/briefs/youth.pdf.
No. The McKinney-Vento Act requires states to address enrollment barriers related to lack of guardianship in school enrollment and requires LEAs to enroll youth in school immediately, even if they lack a legal guardian or typically required enrollment documents. 42 U.S.C. §§11432(g)(3)(C), (g)(1)(H)(iv), (g)(1)(I). The decision to seek legal guardianship is a serious decision that significantly affects the legal rights of the parent, caregiver and youth well beyond the school arena. While that step will be appropriate in some cases, it will not be in others.
Children and youth who are sharing the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason are covered by the McKinney-Vento Act. 42 U.S.C. §11434A(2)(B)(i). This can include unaccompanied youth who are running away from home, even if their parents state a desire for the youth to return home. Families who share adequate housing on a long-term basis due to preference or convenience would not be covered by the Act.
Native American - Title VI
This program is designed to address the unique cultural, language, and educationally related academic needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students, including preschool children. The programs funded are to meet the unique cultural, language, and educational needs of Indian students and ensure that all students meet the challenging State academic standard. The program is the Department’s principal vehicle for addressing the particular needs of Indian children.
Grant funds supplement the regular school program. Funds support such activities as culturally-responsive after-school programs, Native language classes, tutoring, positive self identity, and suicide prevention by meeting the culturally related academic needs of Indian children. Projects help Indian children sharpen their academic skills, facilitate post high school training or college enrollment, and provide students an opportunity to participate in enrichment programs that would otherwise be unavailable.
Students enrolled in the Alpine School District who document enrollment in a federally recognized tribe of the U.S.are eligible for Title VI funded services. Enrollment may be for the student, the parent or grandparent of the student. The completed 506 Indian Student Eligibility Form is kept on file by the ASD Title VI program.
Title VI does not supplant, rather supports educational services offered by ASD. Historically activities have included:
- Cultural Oow Wow and hoop dance instruction classes
- Drum classes
- Hoop dance exhibitions at local higher education sponsored Pow Wows
- Pow Wow history and culture education
- Social Studies and American Indian History
- American Indian Literacy based reading
- Positive self identity through art mediums: Vans and skateboard art workshops, t shirt designs with culturally related discussion and artists
- Navajo Language and Navajo Government classes required by the Navajo Tribe for the Manuelito Scholarship
- Healthy Lifestyles education and activity workshops
- Wellness and suicide prevention workshops
- Earth Connections Summer Camps at Red Butte Gardens and Thanksgiving Point
- Community service projects including dance performances in schools and community events
- Secondary student leadership recognition and development conference
- Cultural arts projects specific to tribes and their art forms: pottery making, rug making, Alaska Native song and dance, histories of Native arts
- Wellness and suicide prevention presentations
- Graduation recognition for graduates and their families
REACH Diversity Training in ASD
Professional development opportunities for educators in Social Studies presentations focusing on the American Indian perspective of American and Utah Histories, including culturally accurate and sensitive resources developed by American Indians.
Distribution of resources for teaching and classroom activities funded through grants which support culturally related projects
Community presentations which give our dance students opportunities to perform their learned dance skills while they share culture and dance education with non Indian communities